In preparing this report for presentation to the Society, the Sub-committee of the Council have had considerable difficulty; and they regret that it is not so complete as they could have wished. Two reasons may be assigned for this. First,—that many of the cuttings being covered with soil prior to the Society’s excursion on the 23rd June last, some of the more minute geological features could not be examined with any degree of accuracy. And second,—that the Railway passes through certain districts of which, geologically speaking, scarcely anything was previously known. Mr. Swanwick, the talented engineer, with a degree of liberality that does him honour, has considerably lightened the first-mentioned difficulty by presenting to the Society a large and splendid section of the whole line, on which the various strata passed through in the cuttings and tunnels are beautifully delineated and coloured. The Committee have naturally taken Mr. Swanwick’s section as the groundwork of the present Report; and they embrace this opportunity of recording the obligations of the Society to that gentleman for his valuable donation.
The Railway Station at Leeds, adjoining Hunslet-Lane, is calculated to be 40 or 50 yards above the “Black Bed” of Low Moor. It frequently has been bored to in this neighbourhood for the purpose of finding water. In the first cutting south of the Leeds station several beds of shale and sandstone appear; and one bed of the latter, which comes to the surface near Jack-lane, affords stones and flags of very ...
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